- Scientific name: Chilodus punctatus
- Common name: Spotted headstander
- Synonyms: Chaenotropus punctatus, Citharinus chilodus
- Group: Characins
- Habitat: Northern parts of South America
- Size: 7-8 cm
- Biotope: In the upper Amazon, Rio Tocatins, upper Orinoco
- Social behavior: A peaceful species found in schools.
- Diet: Smal live food, algae and salad, flake food is also taken.
- Breeding: Quite easy
- Tank: Minimum 80 litres
- Population: 6-8 fish for 100 litres
- Decoration: Need dense vegetation and roots, to hide behind. They become timid in overlighted tanks and will not eat.
- Temperature: 24-28 °C
- pH: 6-7
- Hardness: 1-10 NK°
- Lifespan: 5-6 years
Description: The spotted headstander has subdued colors, predominantly silvery-gold, with each of the large scales carrying a dark patch so that the fish has a mottled appearance. There is a dark lenghtwise stripe, and the dorsal fin has a few dark spots. This fish has a very small mouth, and grazes on algae or small organisms. Sudden changes in waterquality or slightly fouled up water easily lead to diseases and death of the fish.
The female has more rounded body during spawning. The spotted markind disappear during spawning and are replaced by one or two larger black patches between the eyes and the dorsal. Use a large tank with sandy bottom and ocasional roots and stones with algae. Fill with clear water of a pH between 6 and 7 and a hardness of 10°KH. Peat filtration for a touch of acid is often the key to success. Feed the fish with red mosquito larvae, Cyclops and green algae. Flakes and stewed lettuce may be added. Use water temperature between 25-27°C with subdued light. Pairing occurs immediately below the surface between plants, three to five eggs 1.5 mm in size are shed. The fry headstand like their parents and will accept brine shrimp immediately after hatching. They are not difficult to raise, but the parents should be removed. Provide plenty of algae.
(Betta, Siamese fighting fish)
(Bentos Tetra, White Tip Tetra)
(Bleeding heart tetra)
(Flame tetra, Red tetra)
(Lesser bleeding heart tetra)
(Black phantom tetra)
(Siamese algae eaters)
(Red tailed black shark)
(Clown botia, Clown loach)
(Giant Whiptail, Golden Whiptail)
(African butterfly cichlid)
(African fern, Congo fern)
(Yellow cabomba, Giant cabomba)
(Butterfly Pleco, L-168 Catfish)
(Banded Dwarf Cichlid)
(Needle Catfish, Farlowella cat)
(Brichard's slender cichlid)
(Spanner barb, T Barb)
(Hovering Zebra Loach)
(Knobnose Whiptail Catfish)
(Regan's pike cichlid)
(Red Eye Puffer)