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Pantodon buchholzi - ButterflyfishMagyarul / Hungarian
Pantodon buchholzi - ButterflyfishPantodon buchholzi - ButterflyfishPantodon buchholzi - ButterflyfishPantodon buchholzi - Butterflyfish
  • Scientific name: Pantodon buchholzi
  • Common name: Butterflyfish, African Butterfly Fish
  • Group: Other fishes
  • Habitat: Western Africa, Nigeria, Cameroon, Zaire
  • Size: 10 cm
  • Biotope: Slow and still moving water with dense shore vegetation
  • Social behavior: Often intolerant with surface fishes, these should be kept with fishes who prefer an aquarium's middle and bottom areas. Smaller fishes may be eaten.
  • Diet: Carnivorous; all types of live foods; flies, mosquito larva, meal worms, small fishes; large flakes.
  • Breeding: Quite hard
  • Tank: Minimum 80 litres
  • Population: 1 pair for 80 litres
  • Decoration: Does well in a shallow tank with a large bottom area. The fish will accept any kind of plant though a cover of floating plants is important. The fish are jumpers and the tank must be well covered.
  • Temperature: 24-30 °C
  • pH: 6-7
  • Hardness: 1-15 NK°
  • Lifespan: 5 years

Description: The butterfly fish is bird-shaped with a flat dorsal surface. The wing-like pectoral fins are very large when compared with overall body size. The large mouth points toward the surface. The base body color is brown with an irregular pattern of white and black spots and stripes. A dark band runs from the top of the head through the eye area to the lower jaw. The trailing edge of males anal fin features a convex curve and the central rays form a tube. The trailing edge of females anal fin is straight. The Butterfly fish is well-known for its ability to glide for short distances through the air. When startled this species may leap against the aquarium cover.

For breeding use a soft to medium hard, slightly acid water, 10 dGH and pH about 6,5 at temperatures between 25 and 28 °C. Add peat and instigate breeding with a pairing of one fish of each sex. Successful breeding depends on the parents being fed a variety of foods as well as pupae to induce spawning. 3 to 7 eggs are deposited at each pairing. The eggs are lighter than water and surface quickly. The fish will spawn for a lengthly period each day, dropping 80 to 200 eggs. These can be scooped from the surface with a large spoon. They can be transfered to a special breeding aquarium. When first laid the eggs are transparent but turn dark brown to black in 8 to 10 hours. In 25 °C water the fry hatch in 36 hours. The young are difficult to raise, because they will not chase food, but only eat what passes directly in front of them.

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