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Ctenopoma acutirostre - Spotted ctenopoma, Leopard BushfishMagyarul / Hungarian
Ctenopoma acutirostre - Spotted ctenopomaCtenopoma acutirostre - Spotted ctenopomaCtenopoma acutirostre - Spotted ctenopomaCtenopoma acutirostre - Spotted ctenopoma
  • Scientific name: Ctenopoma acutirostre
  • Synonyms: Anabas acutirostris, Anabas ocellatus acutirostris
  • Common name: Spotted ctenopoma, Leopard Bushfish
  • Group: Labyrinth fishes
  • Habitat: Africa; Congo basin
  • Size: 15 cm, in nature it can reach 20 cm in length.
  • Biotope: Can be found in fast flowing rivers, but also in slow-flowing Central African streams with dense vegetation.
  • Social behavior: Quite peaceful fish, but predatory, and will eat small fish. Can be kept with larger peaceful fish in a community tank.
  • Diet: Carnivorous; Live and frozen foods are accepted, such as mosquito larvae, earthworms and tubifex.
  • Breeding: Very rare in aquarium
  • Tank: Minimum 200 litres
  • Population: 2-3 fish for 200 litres
  • Decoration: Needs swimming space with plenty of hiding places such as roots or shards. Prefers a dark tank bottom and subdued lighting. Use floating plants to dim the lighting.
  • Temperature: 23-28 °C
  • pH: 6-8
  • Hardness: 5-12 NK°
  • Lifespan: 8-15 years

Description: Spotted ctenopoma has a yellow-brown to a dark brown base coloration with large dark brown spots across the whole body and into the fins. Ctenopoma acutirostre has large eyes and high, but slender body with pointed head. In the wild Ctenopoma acutirostre is usually active in the evening, but in aquaria they display some activity during the day as well. Primarily an ambush hunter, the fish mimic floating leaves, it will lie motionless and pounce on unsuspecting prey. Ctenopoma acutirostre has a special breathing organ known as the labyrinth organ, and it allows the fish to live in oxygen-poor muddy waters by breathing atmospheric air.

Male has more developed patches of spines on the gill covers and at the base of the caudal fin. These are not easy to see however. The fish can reach sexual maturity only in 5-10 years of age. Ctenopoma acutirostre have been bred in aquaria, but there are only a few reports. The spawning tank should be large with dense vegetation and contain lots of floating plants. The tank should have a tight fitting cover, as the fry need access to a layer of warm, humid air for the development of their labyrinth organ. Water should have a hardness between 2-4 ° dGH, a pH between 6.5-7, and a temperature between 26-29 °C. Leopard Bushfish builds a bubble nest, usually under the floating plant cover. The male embrace the female with his body, and she release the eggs, which are fertilised by the male. The eggs float to the bubble nest. The parents do not care for the eggs, so they can be removed from the tank. The eggs hatch after 48 hours, and after about 2 days the fry can be fed with Infusoria. Unfortunately the fry survival rate is usually quite low.

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