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Garra flavatra - Panda GarraMagyarul / Hungarian
Garra flavatra - Panda GarraGarra flavatra - Panda GarraGarra flavatra - Panda GarraGarra flavatra - Panda Garra
  • Scientific name: Garra flavatra
  • Synonyms: -
  • Common name: Panda Garra
  • Group: Cyprinids
  • Habitat: Asia; West Myanmar (Burma)
  • Size: 7-9 cm
  • Biotope: Found in Rakhine Yoma mountain in slower-moving, shallow, marginal sections of well-oxygenated clearwater streams and small rivers, where the substrate is a mixture of gravel, pebbles and rocks.
  • Social behavior: A quite peaceful fish, ideal for community tanks. If kept singly it may becomes more aggressive with similarly-shaped fish, so it is recommended to keep them in smaller group.
  • Diet: Omnivorous; in nature it eats algae, but it is not an exclusive herbivore. In the aquarium it will accept everything: live, frozen and flake foods too. Vegetables such as cucumber and spirulina can be offered to the fish.
  • Breeding: Quite hard
  • Tank: Minimum 80 litres
  • Population: 4-5 fish for 110 litres
  • Decoration: Use a substrate of variably-sized, water-worn rocks, sand and fine gravel with some driftwood roots. Anubias and Microsorum can be grown attached to these driftwoods. The water must be clean and well-oxygenated. Water-movement should be high, it can be 20 times of tank volume per hour. Use bright lighting that will promote the growth of algae. Add a tightly-fitting tank cover as they can easily jump out.
  • Temperature: 22-27 °C
  • pH: 6.5-7.5
  • Hardness: 2-12 NK°
  • Lifespan: 5-8 years

Description: Panda Garra’s color pattern can vary between individuals, but basically it has elongated darker brown body with lighter, often golden bands. Dorsal and tail fins can appear to have a reddish tint in certain individuals. Garra flavatra possesses a modified lower lip which forms a disc-like adhesive appendage, allowing them to maintain position in fast-flowing water while still feeding. Panda Garra first became available to the aquarium hobby in 2005 and became popular almost immediately, but it is still quite rare. Garra flavatra prefers cooler conditions, but temperatures in its native habitat can rise during warmer months of the year, and during the wet months it will cool back. In a smaller group they tend to concentrate on each other with dominance battles, however they rarely inflict physical damage, and other tankmates are more likely to be left alone. Because of its restricted natural range, the fish is added to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as vulnerable.

Sexually mature males develop a series of noticeable tubercules on the head, along the lateral line and around the caudal peduncle, while females become noticeably plumper. Breeding is possible, and they have been successfully and repeatedly bred in Myanmar since 2008, because wild fish are time-consuming to collect. The fish spawns during the months of May to July. They can be bred in pairs in a smaller aquarium (minimum 80 litres). The water should be soft, neutral, highly oxygenated and must have a rate of flow. Panda Garra usually spawn early in the morning. The female deposits totally transparent eggs with a diameter of 1.5–1.8 mm. The eggs hatch in 24-30 hours and the fry become free-swimming after another 72 hours. After a week the fry are large enough to accept Artemia nauplii. Highly-oxygenated, flowing water stimulates both feeding and growth in the young fish.

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