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Garra cambodgiensis - False Siamese Algae EaterMagyarul / Hungarian
Garra cambodgiensis - False Siamese Algae EaterGarra cambodgiensis - False Siamese Algae EaterGarra cambodgiensis - False Siamese Algae EaterGarra cambodgiensis - False Siamese Algae Eater
  • Scientific name: Garra cambodgiensis
  • Synonyms: Cirrhina cambodgiensis (Tirant, 1883), Garra taeniata (Smith, 1931), Garra taeniatops (Fowler, 1935), Garra parvifilum (Fowler, 1939), Stonelapping minnow, False Flying Fox
  • Common name: False Siamese Algae Eater
  • Group: Cyprinids
  • Habitat: Asia; Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam; in central and lower parts of the Mekong River basin
  • Size: 12-15 cm
  • Biotope: Inhabits the swiftly-flowing sections of smaller rivers where the water is clear and the dissolved oxygen level is high, and because of the sunlight the submerged surfaces are covered with biofilm and algae.
  • Social behavior: A quite peaceful fish, but not tolerant with conspecifics. If kept singly it may becomes more aggressive with similarly-shaped fish, so it is recommended to keep them in smaller group. In a small group a noticeable pecking order will develop between the individuals and other tankmates are more likely to be left alone.
  • Diet: Omnivorous; in nature it eats algae, but it is not an exclusive herbivore. In the aquarium it will accept everything: live, frozen and flake foods too. Vegetables such as cucumber and spirulina can be offered to the fish.
  • Breeding: Not possible in aquarium
  • Tank: Minimum 200 litres
  • Population: 3-4 fish for 200 litres
  • Decoration: Build an aquarium that resemble a flowing river, with a substrate of variably-sized rocks, sand and fine gravel and decorate it with some roots. The water must be clean and well-oxygenated. Water-movement should be high, it can be 10 times of tank volume per hour. Use bright lighting that will promote the growth of algae.
  • Temperature: 20-27 °C
  • pH: 6-7.5
  • Hardness: 1-12 NK°
  • Lifespan: 8-10 years

Description: It is often confused with the similar-looking Siamese Algae Eeater (Crossocheilus oblongus) or Siamese flying fox, but in SAE the dark lateral body stripe continues into the caudal fin, whilst in Garra cambodgiensis it ends at the caudal fin base. In addition the False Siamese Algae Eater has an additional, lighter stripe above the dark band on the dorsal area, and it has a modified lower lip which forms an adhesive suckermouth that typical in all Garra species. Garra cambodgiensis has only one pair of barbels sited at the corners of the mouth. With its streamlined body and the horizontally placed paired fins Garra cambodgiensis is adapted well for living in fast-flowing waters and it can easily cling to underwater surfaces. It has yellowish fins.

Sexually mature males develop red colors around their mouths when in spawning condition, while females have more thicker bodies. Both sexes develop tubercules on the head and snout, but these tend to be more prominent in males. According to a study published in 2004, they can be induced to spawn in aquarium via the use of hormones. Eggs hatched in 15-16 hours at a temperature of 25-29 °C, and the fry were initially fed with rotifers, so at least 90% of them have survived the first month.

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