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Dario dario - Bengal dario, Scarlet badisMagyarul / Hungarian
Dario dario - Bengal dario, Scarlet badisDario dario - Bengal dario, Scarlet badisDario dario - Bengal dario, Scarlet badisDario dario - Bengal dario, Scarlet badis
  • Scientific name: Dario dario
  • Synonyms: Badis badis bengalensis, Badis dario, Labrus dario
  • Common name: Bengal dario, Scarlet badis
  • Group: Cichlids
  • Habitat: Asia; India (West Bengal and Assam states), Bhutan
  • Size: male: 2 cm, female 1,3 cm
  • Biotope: Inhabits in shallow, clear water streams with sandy substrate and dense aquatic vegetation.
  • Social behavior: Not an active fish, rather shy and retiring. Males can be aggressive with each other, especially in smaller tanks. Can be kept in pair or in small group with 1 male and several females. Smaller, peaceful species, such as Rasboras can be good tankmates for them.
  • Diet: Carnivorous, they are micropredators feeding on small aquatic insects and worms. In aquarium they will eat frozen foods and rarely accept flake foods. Do not feed them with bloodworm or tubifex, as they become more susceptible to disease.
  • Breeding: Quite easy
  • Tank: Minimum 30 litres
  • Population: 1 male and 3-4 female for 40 litres
  • Decoration: Need a tank with dense vegetation and cave-like hiding places among rocks and roots. Use sandy or fine-gravel substrate. Lighting should be dim.
  • Temperature: 18-26°C
  • pH: 6.5-8.5
  • Hardness: 3-15 NK°
  • Lifespan: 3-6 years

Description: Scarlet badis is the smallest known perch-like fish species and very suitable to nano style planted tanks. Males have 7 bright red stripes on their flanks interspersed with bluish-white stripes, their head and back are also red. Scarlet badis males have bright red fins lined with iridescent blue-white. Adult males develop extended pelvic fins. Females are smaller, have duller patterning. Their body and fins are a pearly-pink sometimes with very faint stripes. Females are much more difficult to find in the hobby due to the fact that they are rarely imported, because of their dull coloration.

It is best to spawn them in a species tank, or in a separate tank. They can be spawn in pair or in small group with more females than males. Consider that each male needs a 30x30 cm space to form a territory. In this case one male will usually become dominant while the others will not breed at all. Males will begin to display courtship behaviour towards females swimming nearby: their color become brighter and they display some intense changes in patterning. Courtship can go on for days, and the male tries to invite the female into his territory. The spawning act lasts only for a few seconds where the male embrace the female and she will drop up to 60 clear eggs usually on the underside of a solid surface such as a plant leaf. After spawning the female is chased out of the territory and the male will defend it. The male does not really tend to the eggs, he just keeps other fish out of his territory. The parents should be removed at this point, because they may eat the young fish. The eggs hatch in 2-3 days and after a week they become free-swimming. The fry are very small and will require an infusoria-type food until they get large enough to accept artemia nauplii.

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