- Scientific name: Apistogramma panduro
- Synonyms: Apistogramma sp. "pandurini"
- Common name: Azure dwarf cichlid, Blue sky dwarf cichlid
- Group: Cichlids
- Habitat: South America; Peru: found in Rio Ucayali, Rio Tahuayo, and Rio Tamshiyacu.
- Size: Male: 7.5-8 cm, female 5-5.5 cm
- Biotope: Inhabits in slow-flowing tributaries, and blackwater forest streams in areas where fallen leaf litter collects.
- Social behavior: Peaceful, but during spawning they become territorial and aggressive. Can be kept with small, peaceful characins and with Corydoras catfish in a community tank.
- Diet: Carnivorous, wild caught fish only accept live foods, but once settled they eat frozen or flake foods too.
- Breeding: Quite easy
- Tank: Minimum 50 litres
- Population: 1 pair for 75 litres.
- Decoration: Needs a tank with dense vegetation and cave-like hiding places among rocks and roots. Or simulate their natural habitat with lots of roots and branches, and a substrate of sand with leaf litter on it. The lighting shouldn’t be bright. Weekly, small (10-15%) water changes are essential.
- Temperature: 22-29 °C
- pH: 4-6.5
- Hardness: 1-5 NK°
- Lifespan: 3-5 years
Description: Its name is derived from the Peruvian ornamental fish exporters (Jesus Victoriano Panduro Pinedo and Noronha Jorge Luis Panduro Pinedo, father and son), who were the first to discover this fish and identify it as a new species. It is very similar to Apistogramma nijesseni, but the caudal spot on Apistogramma panduro is more elongate (triangular) and extends into the caudal fin. The head of the male is brownish, and the body is light blue, while the caudal fin is marginated with red. Females have a greyish body with a vertical flank bar, but there is a rare form, where the flank patch appears mostly in the belly region instead of on the mid flank area. The caudal fin is also marginated with red. During breeding the body of the female becomes bright yellow and the black markings intensify. On both fish a black band runs from the eye to the bottom of the gill cover.
Males are larger, and develop more extended fins than females. Apistogramma panduro form strong pair bonds. Breeding is not too difficult, with soft, slightly acid water. The female will lay its eggs usually on the roof of a cave or in cavities among rocks. After spawning the the female takes care of the eggs and the fry, while the male guards the territory. The eggs hatch after 3-4 days, and after another 4-5 days the young fish become free-swimming, and the female will lead them out to begin feeding. They can be fed with baby brine shrimp or with other small live foods.
(Bleeding heart tetra)
(African fern, Congo fern)
(Yellow cabomba, Giant cabomba)
(Banded Dwarf Cichlid)