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Bunocephalus coracoideus - Banjo CatfishMagyarul / Hungarian
Bunocephalus coracoideus - Banjo CatfishBunocephalus coracoideus - Banjo CatfishBunocephalus coracoideus - Banjo CatfishBunocephalus coracoideus - Banjo CatfishBunocephalus coracoideus - Banjo Catfish
  • Scientific name: Bunocephalus coracoideus
  • Synonyms: Bunocephalus bicolor, Dysichthys bicolor, Dysichthys coracoideus, Bunocephalus haggini
  • Common name: Banjo Catfish, Guitarrita
  • Group: Catfishes
  • Habitat: South America; as far inland as the area around La Plata.
  • Size: 15 cm
  • Biotope: Inhabits in areas of leaf liter in ponds and forest creeks.
  • Social behavior: A peaceful nocturnal species. Remains mostly inactive during the daytime.
  • Diet: Omnivorous; all types of live foods. They may also eat frozen foods as well as tablets that have sunk to the bottom.
  • Breeding: Very hard
  • Tank: Minimum 100 litres
  • Population: 2-3 fishes for 100 litres
  • Decoration: Needs a tank with a dark, preferably sandy bottom and light vegetation. Good filtration is important. The fish is a burrower and makes few demands in terms of water quality. Shallow tanks are preferred.
  • Temperature: 20-27 °C
  • pH: 5.8-7.8
  • Hardness: 2-20NK°
  • Lifespan: 5-8 years

Description: The Banjo Catfish's head is very broad and flat with very small eyes, and its body decreasing in width after the pectoral fins. There is a pair of barbels extending from the upper jaw. The small caudal fin is fan-shaped. They have a dark brown to pale brown body with dark bands and blotches on it. The coloration and shape of this species make it resemble a dead, decaying leaf. In nature the Banjo Catfish can be found buried, sometimes several inches deep, in the leaf litter commonly found at the bottom of forest streams.

Breeding is possible, the species spawns in groups. Mature females are larger and deeper bodied than males. It is mature when it is 12 cm long. Spawning can be initiated with lowering the water level and a reduction in water temperature to 20-22°C. 4000-5000 eggs are laid on the sandy bottom, usually in more than one spawning. Plants may be inadvertantly uprooted during spawning. Water in the aquarium can be as much as 30 cm deep. The parents guard the young until they hatch. The fry should be fed with live food, such as Rotifers then, as they grow, tubifex worms. They will not accept flakes. They do not feed on daphnia.

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