- Scientific name: Scleromystax barbatus
- Synonyms: Callichthys barbatus, Corydoras barbatus, Corydoras eigenmanni
- Common name: Giant Cory, Barbatus Catfish, Bearded Catfish, Banded Catfish, Filigree Cory
- Group: Catfishes
- Habitat: South America
- Size: 12 cm
- Biotope: Small coastal mountain rivers and creeks from Rio de Janerio to Sao Paulo.
- Social behavior: A peaceful, undemanding fish, ideal for community tanks with small to large fish. Likes to shoal.
- Diet: Live, aquatic insects, white worms, Tubifex , Brine Shrimp, insect larvae, tablets, flake
- Breeding: Quite easy
- Tank: Minimum 300 litres
- Population: 6-8 fishes for 300 litres
- Decoration: These catfish like a well-planted tank with many hiding places (wood, roots, rocks). Use fine gravel or sand as a substrate, for these fish burrow.
- Temperature: 21-23°C
- pH: 6,5-7,5.
- Hardness: 4,5-11,2NK°
- Lifespan: 5-10 years
Description: The body is stocky and deep, with an arched back. Two rows of bony plates make up each side of the fish. The upper has 21-23 plates, while the lower 19-21. Two pairs are located on the upper jaw. The base body color is light brown to beige with an overlaying hodgepodge of various patterns and hues of brown. The belly is white and the fins are spotted. Several different color variations exist.
The females are larger and plumper behind their pectoral fins, and less colorful. Males with maturity, develop cheek bristles.
To breed this species, a school of 7-10 should be kept. Prior to spawning, frequent partial water changes should be preformed and the group should be conditioned with insect larvae. Spawning is initiated by the addition of cooler water (66-70°F). Eggs are laid high on the glass wall of the aquarium, usually in groups of 5-7. A total of 60 eggs are laid.