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Toxotes jaculatrix - ArcherfishMagyarul / Hungarian
Toxotes jaculatrix - ArcherfishToxotes jaculatrix - ArcherfishToxotes jaculatrix - Archerfish
  • Scientific name: Toxotes jaculatrix
  • Common name: Archerfish
  • Group: Brackish fishes
  • Habitat: Southeast Asia and Australia; India, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, to the Soloman Islands.
  • Size: 24 cm
  • Biotope: Found in brackish water (occasionally fresh) estuaries and mangrove swamps.
  • Social behavior: The Archerfish may be skittish when kept with larger fish.Archerfish form schools and shouldbe kept in groups.Avoid combining Archerfish of different sizes as they may lack cohesion, with larger fishharassing smaller ones.A peaceful, calm fish recommended for a brackish water community tank.
  • Diet: Takes food from the surface.Live: Insects; flies, spiders, crickets, mosquitoes, grasshoppers,beetles, cockroaches, meal worms; worms; insect larvae; crustaceans; small surface fish. May occasionally takes flakes and pellets.
  • Breeding: Breeding has only been accomplished on a few occasions and details are little.
  • Tank: Minimum 500 litres
  • Population: 5-6 fishes for 500 litres
  • Decoration: Archerfish prefer tanks at one-half to three-fourths full. Useplants that grow above the water surface that can tolerate brackish water. Provide hiding places with heavily plantedareas, rocks, roots, and wood.Leave some open swimming areas.
  • Temperature: 25-30°C
  • pH: 8-8,3
  • Hardness: 10-20NK°
  • Salinity: 5-20%
  • Lifespan: 7-8 years
Description: With one of the most unique hunting styles of all the tropical fish available in the hobby, Archer Fish are also one of the most misunderstood when it comes to habitat and water requirements. Their strange body shape, almost flat on top with a swept back dorsal fin, is ideally suited for hunting at the surface of the water. Their eyes are large and located towards to front of their heads and give them excellent upward vision. A silver, metallic base color and large black stripes descending from the top of the fish to around halfway down the body give an Archer excellent camouflage from its unsuspecting prey. Their ability to compensate for the refraction of light on the surface of the water is second to none and is what allows them to hunt small insects on overhanging branches. Their trademark name comes from their hunting method, shooting thin jets of water skywards in an attempt to knock said insects from their precarious perches. Once this has been accomplished, they swiftly pounce on the struggling food morsel and consume it. Archers have been observed knocking down prey from up to 6 feet above the water level with an accuracy of 99%. They are also accomplished jumpers and will leap from the water to grab insects from very low hanging branches.

One thing that is often overlooked with Archers is that they are in fact brackish water fish, not freshwater. It is true that they will survive for a certain length of time in freshwater, especially when younger, but to keep these fish long term, a brackish environment is required.

Breeding Archers has only been accomplished on a very few occasions, usually when least expected. There is no known way to sex Archers, which means that groups must be kept if you want your fish to breed. The pair spawns at the surface and up to 3000 floating eggs will be laid. To ensure the survival of the fry, the eggs should be transferred to a holding tank, where they will hatch in around 12 hours. The fry should be fed items that can be taken from the water surface, such as small insects and other floating foods. Live foods are the most easily accepted, although the fry should be introduced to prepared foods as early as possible to prevent them getting too attached to live food.